The majority of construction workers are rural migrants who are either landless or have very small landholdings and come to construction sites searching for work. Their characteristics such as coming from low-income families with little or no education, migrating to cities from villages in search of work, ignorance, poor health, frequent employment of entire families in most building erection work, and high involvement of female laborers in road making, stone breaking, bricklaying, and so on, make them one of the most vulnerable groups of unorganized labor.
Problems Affecting Construction Workers in General
Construction industries are “labor-intensive,” employing approximately 40 million people in unorganized sectors. Unorganized labor can be defined as workers who have been unable to organize themselves in pursuit of their livelihood and basic common interests due to constraints such as the casual nature of their employment, their migration from one state to another in search of work, widespread ignorance and illiteracy, small and dispersed size of establishments near their hometown, and so on.
Payment to construction workers has been delayed.
One of the most serious issues construction workers faces is a lack of timely payment. Indeed, construction workers require prompt payment for their daily bread, water, and survival, and this is why they are usually agreed to work at a lower rate.
Numerous factors contribute to construction project delays.
Most construction projects are delayed due to environmental factors, such as slower construction activities during the rainy season, the cancellation of a construction project due to a lack of water during the summer season, or the cancellation of a construction project during the winter season due to chilled waves and dense fog. Such factors are the cause of delayed payment. Most labor disputes in the construction sector are caused by contractors’ and construction companies’ late wage payments.
Workplace injuries are caused by a lack of safety awareness and the failure to use personal protective equipment (PPE).
Most construction workers in the construction industry have a moderate lack of awareness about their safety, well-being, and working conditions. Due to their employment through Contractor agencies, construction workers do not receive basic PPEs (Personal Protective Equipment). The majority of construction workers are illiterate and are unaware of the hidden workplace risk. They are sometimes unaware of their daily working hours. As a result of continuous work with no rest breaks, they can become acutely tired, resulting in unwanted injuries or accidents. The accident rate on construction sites is quite high due to a lack of awareness about construction-related hazards.
Due to the short duration of construction projects, frequent changing of construction sites, and sometimes hasty work with a lack of appropriate supervision, employment in the construction sector remains casual and uncertain.
Inadequate Social Security:
It is the responsibility of the concerned contractor and the primary employer of the construction site to provide social security to their workers in the form of labor insurance, first aid facilities, restroom and drinking water availability, accidental benefits, canteens, and pensions, among other things. However, most construction …continue reading
Work in transportation
The stakes are high for companies like Granite Construction Inc., which has contributed $1 million to defeat Proposition 6, which would repeal new fuel taxes and vehicle fees earmarked for road and transit improvements.
According to Caltrans, the Company based in Watsonville, California, has received $955 million in transportation contracts over the last five years, including road and bridge projects.
Other state contractors have also contributed significantly. According to records, the ten construction firms that contributed the most to the No on Proposition 6 campaign — a total of $3.6 million — have been paid more than $2.7 billion by the California Department of Transportation in the last five years.
Construction companies and others, including building trade associations, labor, cities, and the Democratic Party, have contributed nearly $43 million to the campaign to defeat Proposition 6.
The initiative’s proposed taxes and fees will generate an additional $52 billion for road repairs and rail services over the next ten years. Granite Construction’s president and CEO, James H. Roberts, acknowledged that his company and others in the construction industry stand to benefit from the new revenue. Still, he got involved in the campaign because the ballot measure’s passage would significantly stall efforts to address decades of neglect of the state’s transportation systems.
“We just got tired of seeing a lack of infrastructure investment across the country,” Roberts explained his Company’s campaign contributions. “Right in front of us, the infrastructure was collapsing.”
Roberts said his commute from the Monterey Peninsula to his office used to be a breeze when he first started doing it 20 years ago, but now he and other motorists are stuck in traffic during rush hour.
However, the money poured into the anti-Proposition six campaign by those with vested interests has enraged supporters of the initiative.
“The money is heinous. “The conflicts of interest are obscene,” said Carl DeMaio, the chairman of the Proposition 6 campaign and a former San Diego city councilman. “A contractor receives money from the taxpayer and then writes a massive check to raise taxes on the taxpayer.” Something is seriously wrong with that.”
Repeal supporters have only raised $3.4 million in the months since the measure qualified for the November 6 ballot.
DeMaio stated that the average contribution to his Proposition 6 campaign committee is $37. However, a separate committee that led the initiative’s qualification raised $1.7 million with the help of several prominent Republicans, including GOP gubernatorial candidate John Cox, who gave $250,000, and House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy (R-Bakersfield), who gave $300,000.
DeMaio was particularly critical of out-of-state interests that funded the opposition campaign during a debate on the initiative earlier this month in Sacramento.
Lehigh Hanson Inc., based in Texas, and HNTB Corp., based in Kansas City, Mo., contributed $500,000 to the campaign to defeat Proposition 6. Lane Construction Corp. of Connecticut contributed $200,000, and Ames Construction Inc. of Minnesota was one of 15 companies that contributed $100,000 each to the campaign.
In an interview, DeMaio stated, …continue reading